Sleeping Disorders

The most common sleep disorders include:

  • Bruxism: The sufferer involentarily grinds his or her teeth while sleeping


  • Delayed sleep phase syndrome (DSPS): a sleep disorder of circadian rhythm


  • Insomnia: Inability to fall asleep at will or at normal times


  • Jet lag or desynchronosis: Temporary condition resulting in out of sync sleep patterns as a result of rapidly travelling across multiple time zones


  • Narcolepsy: The condition of falling asleep spontaneously and unwillfully


  • Night terror or Pavor nocturnus or sleep terror disorder: abrupt awakening from sleep with behavior consistent with terror


  • Parasomnias: Include a variety of disruptive sleep-related events


  • Periodic limb movement disorder (PLMD): Involuntary movement of arms and/or legs during sleep


  • Rapid eye movement behavior disorder (RBD): Acting out violent or dramatic dreams while in REM sleep


  • Restless leg syndrome (RLS): An irresistible urge to move legs while sleeping. Often accompanies PLMD.


  • Sleep apnea: The obstruction of the airway during sleep


  • Sleep paralysis: Conscious paralysis upon waking or falling asleep


  • Sleepwalking or somnambulism: Engaging in activities that are normally associated with wakefulness (such as eating or dressing), which may include walking, without the conscious knowledge of the subject
  • Snoring: Loud breathing patterns while sleeping, sometimes accompanying sleep apnea

Adapted from

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