Antidepressant Use on the Rise

Antidepressants are one of the three most commonly used drug classes in the U.S. and a new report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) highlights the growing use of antidepressants in the U.S. Almost 13 percent of people age 12 and over in 2011-2014 used antidepressants in the past month, up from just under 8 percent in 1999-2002. One-quarter of people who took antidepressants had done so for 10 years or more.

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Depression is common; an estimated 7 percent of U.S. adults (16 million people) had a major depressive episode in the past year and more than one in three did not receive any treatment. Depression is more common in women than men and more common in adults 40 to 59 years than other age groups. Untreated depression can contribute to difficulties at work, with family and with social activities, and is associated with an increased risk for other conditions, such as heart disease. Depression is typically treated with medication, therapy or a combination of the two.

According to the CDC report, women are almost twice as likely as men to take antidepressants, a trend that has been consistent over many years and consistent across age groups and racial/ethnic groups. (See charts.) As people get older, they are more likely to use antidepressants: 3.4 percent of people aged 12 – 19 used antidepressants, while nearly one in five people (19 percent) aged 60 and older used antidepressants. Non-Hispanic whites were three times more likely to have taken antidepressants than Asians, blacks or Hispanics.

While most antidepressants are used to treat depression, they are also taken to treat other conditions, such as anxiety, the CDC report notes. About half of people with depression in the past year took prescription medication, and about 13 percent saw a health professional but did not take medication, according to a report from the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.

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Oct. 5 is National Depression Screening Day, raising awareness about depression and encouraging people to take action. Screening can be an important first step in helping someone to get help for depression. This year’s theme, Speaking Your Mind, encourages people to talk about their experience. Whether talking to a friend or family member, to a primary care doctor or a mental health professional, sharing your story can help you and help others.

Visit www.HelpYourselfHelpOthers.org to locate a mental health screening site or take an online screening. After completing a screening, individuals receive referral information to local agencies that offer further evaluation and treatment if needed. You can support the effort with the hashtags #NDSD and #SpeakYourMind.

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Reference

  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. NCHS Data Brief No. 283: Antidepressant Use Among Persons Aged 12 and Over: United States, 2011–2014. August 2017.
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Bipolar Disorder that’s what the Pdoc’S Call it?

Bipolar Disorder that’s what the Pdoc’S called it.

That’s what the Pharmacist called it.

That’s not what I call it.

I call it the voices screaming in my head.

I call it the battle I fight every day.

I call it the reason I cry every night!

How do u think pills could hide it?

Why do u think I have to change?

Why should I have to change?

Why is it wen I don’t change I have to shout?

I slam, I sit, & I cry!

Or just do nothing @ all.

Why is it that I feel nothing @ all?

Numb!

Why can’t the tears just fall?

Why am I lazy?

Why am I weak?

Losing the battle within!

Why does my heart shatter?

Letting the dreams win!

Bipolar Disorder it’s a monster!

That sleeps within!

Bipolar Disorder don’t let it win!!!!

JmaC

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Bipolar From A to Z

Angered by the smallest things
Bipolar disorder is my king
Conveying thoughts, hard to do
Distractions overwhelm; I’m subdued
Energy level at an all time low
Frustration beyond reason is my foe
Going places; standing idle fast
Hanging onto, “normal” visions of past
Imminent danger doesn’t seem real
Justifying my reasons; unable to feel
Kidnapped my soul, without a fee
Learning to cope and trust only me
Manic depression, or so they say
Negotiating terms of a mindset betray
Oppressed memories, trailing behind
Paralyzing thoughts, not hard to find
Quaintly waiting for me to confess
Raging temper at its very best
Selective my hearing, taking my soul
Tearful manipulation is my goal
Unconventional ideas; lies I must bare
Venomously I have waited, for my share
Wishfully longing for your return
X-rays show a mental psychosis learned
Yesterday’s genius, today’s broken plea
Zanily waiting for my turn to be FREE
JmaC
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Former Surgeon General Talks about Stress in America

Former Surgeon General Vivek Murthy, M.D., recently sat down to talk with National Institutes of Health Director, Francis Collins, M.D., Ph.D., to talk about the public health consequences of stress in America—how stress is affecting us and what we can do about it.

Ongoing stress can hurt our mental and physical in a variety of ways. Approaches such as regular exercise, social connections and contemplative practices can help.

It’s important to remember when talking about stress that not all stress is bad, Murthy noted. Limited stress over a short period of time can help us perform better, in a sports competition or on an academic test, for example. Short-term stress is adaptive and can assist with healing and with performance, Murthy noted. He suggested an analogy of lifting weight in a gym. If you lift for brief periods with rest in between, you can build up your muscles. But if you were to hold weight for hours and hours, it may do damage to you. Chronic stress, over the long-term, can increase Inflammation in the body and Increase our risk of cardiovascular disease, cancer, anxiety, depression and other illnesses.

Murthy relayed a story of speaking before hundreds of college students and asking, “How many had experienced an almost unbearable amount of stress in the past month?” About 95 percent of the hands went up. He then asked how many felt they had tools for dealing with that stress in a healthy way, and less than 5 percent of the hands went up. That experience, Murthy noted, helped him to realize the lack of attention being paid to addressing stress and emotional well-being. “We’re missing a major contributor to our health and how our country functions,” he concluded.

One potential contributor to stress for many people is increasingly fast-paced workplaces. “The idea of being overextended has become the norm,” Murthy said. Health concerns for ourselves or for family members can also be a tremendous source of stress. Chronic lack of sleep, which can take a tremendous toll, can be both a contributor to and a consequence of stress. Sleep allows our brains to regenerate and form memories and bodies to heal.

One most powerful antidotes to stress, Murthy noted, is social connection. For example, facing a challenging health condition can be much less stressful when faced with the support and compassion of family, friends and others facing similar challenges.

Many of us are connected to many people on social media. But is our social media connection really helpful? Researchers have found that it can be helpful, but can also contribute to negative feelings. As Murthy explained, when you use social media as a weigh station It can be helpful in improving your connection and diminishing stress, but it can be problematic when used as a destination. For example, if you’re going on a trip and go on Facebook to look up friends to meet up with, it helps reduce loneliness and increase connection. However, if you’re feeling lonely on a Friday night and go on Facebook to see what friends are doing, it may end up feeling like everybody else is having a great time and you’re not.

Help for Patients & Families

Learn about common mental disorders, including symptoms, risk factors and treatment options. Find answers to your questions written by leading psychiatrists, stories from people living with mental illness and links to additional resources.

Learn More

Murthy discussed contemplative practices, such as meditation, as another important tool to help address stress and enhance our emotional well-being. Murthy also stressed the importance of exercise in reducing stress and promoting overall health and well-being.

Murthy called on health care providers to be more sensitive to the illness stress causes. He urged everyone to think about how to incorporate ways to reduce stress into all aspects of our everyday lives—in the workplace, at home, at school, in recreation and leisure activities.

     

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What Are Bipolar Disorders?

What Are Bipolar Disorders?

Bipolar disorders are brain disorders that cause changes in a person’s mood, energy and ability to function. Bipolar disorder is a category that includes three different conditions — bipolar I, bipolar II and cyclothymic disorder.

People with bipolar disorders have extreme and intense emotional states that occur at distinct times, called mood episodes. These mood episodes are categorized as manic, hypomanic or depressive. People with bipolar disorders generally have periods of normal mood as well. Bipolar disorders can be treated, and people with these illnesses can lead full and productive lives.

Bipolar I Disorder

Symptoms of Bipolar I Disorder
Bipolar I disorder can cause dramatic mood swings. During a manic episode, people with bipolar I disorder may feel high and on top of the world, or uncomfortably irritable and “revved up.“ During a depressive episode they may feel sad and hopeless. There are often periods of normal moods in between these episodes. Bipolar I disorder is diagnosed when a person has a manic episode.

Manic Episode

Hypomanic Episode

Major Depressive Episode

Risk Factors

Treatment and Management

Bipolar II Disorder

Bipolar II disorder involves a person having at least one major depressive episode and at least one hypomanic episode (see above). People return to usual function between episodes. People with bipolar II often first seek treatment because of depressive symptoms, which can be severe.

People with bipolar II often have other co-occurring mental illnesses such as an anxiety disorder or substance use disorder.

Treatment

Treatments for bipolar II are similar to those for bipolar I — medication and psychotherapy. Medications most commonly used are mood stabilizers and antidepressants, depending on the specific symptoms. If depression symptoms are severe and medication is not working, ECT (see above) may be used. Each person is different and each treatment is individualized.

Cyclothymic Disorder

Cyclothymic disorder is a milder form of bipolar disorder involving many mood swings, with hypomania and depressive symptoms that occur often and fairly constantly. People with cyclothymia experience emotional ups and downs, but with less severe symptoms than bipolar I or II.

Cyclothymic disorder symptoms include the following:

  • For at least two years, many periods of hypomanic and depressive symptoms (see above), but the symptoms do not meet the criteria for hypomanic or depressive episode.
  • During the two-year period, the symptoms (mood swings) have lasted for at least half the time and have never stopped for more than two months.

Treatment

Treatment for cyclothymic disorder can involve medication and talk therapy. For many people, talk therapy can help with the stresses of ongoing high and low moods. People with cyclothymia may start and stop treatment over time.

Physician Review By:

Ranna Parekh, M.D., M.P.H.
January 2017

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The Resource Site for Involuntary Benzodiazepine Tranquilliser Addiction, Withdrawal & Recovery : The Ashton Manual….

The Resource Site for Involuntary Benzodiazepine Tranquilliser Addiction, Withdrawal & Recovery :

For the best and most comprehensive information on Benzodiazepine withdrawal you are encouraged to read: “Benzodiazepines: How they Work & How to Withdraw” (The Ashton Manual) by Professor C Heather Ashton, DM, FRCP. Versions of the Ashton Manual in eleven languages can be accessed from this page.

The Ashton Manual – Read the Manual online here.

Order A Printed Copy

Links to Parts of The Ashton Manual

Chapter 1: The Benzodiazepines: What They Do In The Body

Chapter 2: How To Withdraw From Benzodiazepines After Long-Term Use

Chapter 3: Benzodiazepine Withdrawal Symptoms, Acute And Protracted

Before starting Benzodiazepine withdrawal
Consult your doctor and pharmacist
Make sure you have adequate psychological support
Get into the right frame of mind
Be confident
Be patient
Choose your own way

BENZODIAZEPINE WITHDRAWAL SYMPTOMS

PSYCHOLOGICAL SYMPTOMS

Excitability (jumpiness, restlessness)

Insomnia, nightmares, other sleep disturbances

Increased anxiety, panic attacks

Agoraphobia, social phobia

Perceptual distortions

Depersonalisation, derealisation

Hallucinations, misperceptions

Depression

Obsessions

Paranoid thoughts

Rage, aggression, irritability

Poor memory and concentration

Intrusive memories

Craving (rare)

PHYSICAL SYMPTOMS

Headache

Pain/stiffness – (limbs, back, neck, teeth, jaw)

Tingling, numbness, altered sensation – (limbs, face, trunk)

Weakness (“jelly-legs”)

Fatigue, influenza-like symptoms

Muscle twitches, jerks, tics, “electric shocks”

Tremor

Dizziness, light-headedness, poor balance

Blurred/double vision, sore or dry eyes

Tinnitus

Hypersensitivity – (light, sound, touch, taste, smell)

Gastrointestinal symptoms – (nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea,

constipation, pain, distension, difficulty swallowing)

Appetite/weight change

Dry mouth, metallic taste, unusual smell

Flushing/sweating/palpitations

Overbreathing

Urinary difficulties/menstrual difficulties

Skin rashes, itching

Fits (rare)

Read more: http://smartlifesefton.freeforums.net/thread/39/ashton-manual#ixzz4qqo3D5Lz

 

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New Forum Managing Money….

http://penny-for-python.proboards.com/

The purpose of this forum is for Real People Sharing their experiences on products, managing money and pass on tips and tricks to budget wisely.

Because face it, Life is Expensive.

 

ZimCat

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New Blog and Forum “”Unique””

Zen For ZimCat.

Recently I started a Blog to creatively make peace with some experiences I’ve had in the past few years. It is still unfolding.. It might seem to be a strange way to heal but it’s my way. I update my blog often and it’s starting to come together. The purpose of the forum is for feedback and friendly discussion relating to my blog.

ZimCat

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A Guide to Overcoming Phobias

Experienced hypnotherapist Faith Waude DHP has treated thousands of people for issues such as fears and phobias. Writing exclusively for Psychologist World, Faith takes us through the psychological techniques you can employ to self-help yourself to overcome those fears forever…

First, to define a phobia…

There are literally thousands of different kinds of phobia; practically all of them have been given names, ranging from Agoraphobia (fear of open spaces) to Xenophobia. (Fear of strangers or foreigners), it would take a whole volume to even attempt to list them all.

A Roman writer named Celsius first used the word phobia to describe ‘morbid fears’ and since then that name has stuck, even being used by William Shakespeare.

Many people have phobias without even realizing it – people who blush furiously when facing a situation where they feel they are being looked at, probably have no idea that they are suffering from scopophobia (a fear of being stared at) whilst another person who is actually afraid of blushing could be said to have ereuthophobia (a fear of blushing).

Queen Elizabeth I had a fear of having a rose anywhere near her, but it is doubtful that she’d ever heard of the term anthophobia and King Edward VII’s fear of the number thirteen affected him so much that he could not bear to be at a table where there were thirteen people present.

Although each phobia is given a different name and all seem unique to the person suffering this extreme fear, they are actually a symbolic outward expression of internal anxiety – a free floating, nameless, formless thing that is within themselves but outside of their own control.

This free floating anxiety attaches itself to something within the individual’s environment in order for them to make sense of it. It is far easier to attach an anxiety to, for example, a fear of spiders, than it is to try to understand what these internal conflicts represent and to then deal with them. In a way, phobias are more common in intelligent people as it takes a degree of intellect for a person to project these free floating anxieties outside him or herself.

The gain to the intellect is that it is far easier to project these unwanted feelings onto something that they can understand and so avoid, rather than try to work out what it is that is causing the anxiety.

Should the sufferer avoid whatever it is that represents his phobia (e.g. thunderstorms) and still feel bouts of anxiety, then his phobia will escalate at an alarming rate and he or she could develop numerous other fears and phobias, such as fear of electricity, fear of sudden, loud noises, fear of leaving the home, etc. until he or she has a long list of phobias.

 

psychologist

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Dream Interpretation: Why Do We Dream?

The brain receives stimuli from many different sources
all day long. There are far too many stimuli for it to
process. The mind prioritizes the stimuli and makes you
aware of those that need immediate attention (the crying
baby, the out-of-control car, your boss’ request) so that you
may act accordingly.

The stimuli that you are not consciously aware of are
nevertheless noted by the brain, but on a subconscious level
(the drip of the bathroom water faucet, the remark by a
coworker at the water cooler while you were on the
telephone.)

Furthermore, you feel emotions all day. Some you
acknowledge and act on (you say thank you and smile when
you are complimented.) Some you repress or do not allow
yourself to act on (you don’t punch your boss in the nose
when he tells you the report you worked on for a week is no
longer needed.)

Traumatic experiences occur that you face (you call the
police) or if it too painful, you deny them happening and
send them deep into your subconscious (repression.)

In addition to all these emotions and stimuli the brain
must process daily, it also keeps your body functioning; it
remembers names and faces; it allows you to talk and walk
and chew gum (sometimes all at the same time); and
performs numerous other activities that you take for
granted.

You must admit — that’s a lot to do. At night, when
your body must rest, the mind continues working. When no
longer called upon to type letters and do the grocery
shopping, the brain concentrates on processing all of those
subconscious stimuli and emotions (while still maintaining
body temperature and breathing, etc.)

This is why we dream. Only you are not awake to
receive the signals at a conscious level — you can not hear
or see or touch (at a conscious level) while you are sleeping.
The brain must resort to other means to get the signals
through to your conscious mind. This is why we dream the
way we do.

The mind uses everything at its disposal (which is
everything it has ever been exposed to) to get the message
across. Simply put, dreaming is the minds way of
processing all of the stimuli and emotions it has received
during the day or repressed over time, so that you may act
on them.

All in all, it’s a pretty neat system. But unless you are
remembering and making sense of your dreams, you are
missing out on countless opportunities to learn about
yourself and experience life to its fullest.

Even though we’ve addressed it before, it bears
repeating. Why should you try and remember your dreams?

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